A contract is essentially an agreement that, by law, is recognized as motivating the fact that it creates enforceable obligations.  The relational theory of contracts is characterized by a view of contracts as relationships and not as discrete transactions (which, Macneil argued, the traditional “classical” or “neoclassical theory of contracts” treats as its contract). Thus, even a simple transaction can be understood as involving a broader social and economic context. For example, if A buys a pack of cigarettes from a store he`s never been to before and won`t breed again, it seems pretty low-key. However, A will almost certainly have loyalty to a given brand of cigarettes and quality expectations that it would be willing to complain to the manufacturer when it has no contractual agreements with the manufacturer. There is also an understanding that A will pay for the cigarettes, will not run away with them, and that if he issues a £10 note in exchange for the cigarettes with a price of £6, paper money is acceptable and a £4 currency is given. None of this is explicitly mentioned between the parties, whose conversation is likely limited to “20 Marlboro, please” from A and “It will be £6, please” from the retailer. Thus, even the simplest transaction has a good deal, tacit and dependent on a wider network of social and economic relations. The scope of the external investigation into this network depends on the transaction and the purpose for which it is being examined.  During the Industrial Revolution, English courts were increasingly associated with the concept of “freedom of contract.” This was partly a sign of progress when the remnants of feudal and commercial restrictions for workers and enterprises were lifted, a movement of men (at least in theory) from “contract status.”  On the other hand, a preference for laissez-faire has hidden the inequality of bargaining power in several contracts, notably with regard to employment, consumer goods and services, and leases. General contract law, held in 1842 in nursery rhymes like Hameln`s Robert Browning Rat Hunter, was the legendary idea that if people had promised something, “keep our promise.”  But then the law claimed to cover any form of agreement, as if everyone had the same free will to promise what they wanted. .